By Gabi Paterson
Located in Old Delhi, Humayun’s tomb stands as one of the most well preserved Mughal monuments in India. It was built for Humayun, the second Mughal emperor who died in 1556. The tomb houses around 160 graves of the Mughal royal family.
Humayun’s widow, Hamida Banu Begam, commissioned the tomb in loving memory of her husband. The near-perfectly symmetrical building sits in the centre of a Persian inspired charbagh garden.
The gardens that surround the tomb are divided into four symmetrical square sections with walkways and running water channels that meet at a central pool.
The gardens are a space for relaxation and rest. The design is based on the description of Islamic paradise referenced in the Quran.
The tomb was designed by Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas. Textures and shapes were chosen to harness light and create shade.
The inside and outside of the building is decorated with symmetrical geometric patterns.
The architectural symmetry of Humayan’s tomb later inspired the construction of another famous garden tomb, the Taj Mahal.